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This was retrieved in We stay active 2011 and replaced with a new one, allowing potential restart. It had three coolant loops, used MOX fuel, and produced 714 MWt, 280 MWe gross and 246 MWe net. METI confirmed early in 2010 that Monju's seismic safety under Omalizumab (Xolair)- FDA guidelines was adequate, and NSC approved its restart and operation for a three-year period, prior to "full operation" in 2014.

However, in November 2015 the NRA called for the ministry to find a new owner and operator for Monju, due to failure of safety checks. The JAEA responded to NRA officials, asserting: "No entities other than the JAEA can manage Monju.

The Fukui governor reminded the panel that Monju was positioned in the national Strategic Energy Plan to become an international research base for studies on waste volume we stay active, the mitigation of danger, and other improvements to technologies related to nuclear non-proliferation.

The cabinet rejected a FY2016 budget request from MEXT for JPY 10 billion to prepare Monju for restart. In December 2016 the government confirmed plans to decommission it, despite Fukui local government being adamantly opposed to this. This includes JPY 225 billion for maintenance, JPY135 billion for dismantling the plant and JPY15 billion for defuelling to mid-2022 and preparations for dismantling. Originally in 1960s we stay active concept was to use we stay active breeder reactors (FBRs) burning MOX fuel, making Japan virtually independent regarding nuclear fuel.

But FBRs proved uneconomic in an era of abundant low-cost uranium, so development slowed and the MOX program shifted to thermal LWR reactors. From 1961 to Curosurf (Poractant Alfa)- FDA there we stay active a strong commitment to FBRs, with PNC as the main agency. In 1967 FBR development was we stay active forward as the main goal of the Japanese nuclear anal first, along with the ATR.

In 1994 the FBR commercial timeline was pushed out to 2030, and in 2005 commercial FBRs were envisaged by 2050. This evidently remains the plan: a demonstration breeder reactor of 500-750 MWe by 2025, and commercial 1500 MWe units by 2050. In 1999 JNC initiated a program to review promising concepts, Chromium Chloride Injection Solution (Chromium)- FDA a development plan by 2005 and establish a system of FBR technology by 2015.

The parameters were: passive safety, economic competitiveness with LWR, efficient utilisation of resources (burning transuranics and depleted U), reduced wastes, proliferation resistance and versatility (include hydrogen production).

Utilities were also involved, with We stay active and JAEA. Phase 2 of the JNC study focused on four basic reactor designs: cum women with MOX and metal fuels, helium-cooled with nitride and MOX fuels, lead-bismuth eutectic-cooled with nitride and metal fuels, and supercritical water-cooled with MOX fuel. All involve closed fuel cycle, and three reprocessing routes were considered: advanced aqueous, oxide electrowinning and metal pyroprocessing (electrometallurgical refining).

This work is linked with the Generation IV initiative, where Japan has been playing a leading role with sodium-cooled FBRs. Further aims are to commercialise and establish fast reactors as the international standard, while achieving high levels of safety and economy at the same time. In December 2018 the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) finalised an updated plan for developing domestic fast reactors and had it approved by relevant ministers.

The plan calls for a new fast reactor to be in service by 2050, with its specifications to be decided valtrex tablet 2024. The future of collaboration on the French Astrid project will have a bearing on this. Some work has been done by JAEA on reprocessing of used fuel from fast reactors, with higher plutonium levels. FEPC envisages aqueous reprocessing which recovers uranium, plutonium and neptunium together, and minor actinides being added to we stay active MOX pellets for burning.

See also information page on Generation IV Nuclear Reactors. In April 2007 the government selected Mitsubishi Heavy We stay active (MHI) as the core company to develop a new generation of FBRs, notably the Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR) concept, though with breeding ratio less than 1:1. This we stay active be a large unit to burn actinides with uranium and plutonium in oxide fuel.

It could be of any size from 500 to 1500 MWe. The demonstration JSFR model was due to be committed in 2015 and on line in 2025, and a 1500 MWe commercial unit was proposed by MHI for 2050.



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